Document Type : Original Article
Assistant Professor of Payam Noor University, Karaj, Iran
Payam Noor University, Karaj, Iran
Entrepreneurship and understanding its dimensions have been one of the most extensive and strategic fields of study in the business management literature in recent years. With the practical development and the importance of paying attention to the basics of entrepreneurship in the field of global business management, different societies have obligated themselves to know the principles and structure of entrepreneurial productivity, in other words understanding the concept of "entrepreneurial ecosystems". In this regard, one of the most essential units that need to study and implement the principles of entrepreneurship in the framework of their structure and process, are emerging companies called "startups". Startups, like other businesses and active businesses in the society, need to have characteristics and advantages that ensure success in maintaining their survival and achieving their goals. Therefore, considering the importance of entrepreneurship fundamentals and the strategic nature of startups in the present society, the purpose of this study is to identify the components and criteria affecting the success of entrepreneurial ecosystems and prioritizing the factors affecting the success of startups. The research method used in the present study is a field method with a holistic approach. The present study is empirical in terms of purpose and survey type in terms of the nature of the study. In order to collect data, library study tools as well as questionnaire design were used. In order to collect data from the sample population, questionnaires were distributed among 15 entrepreneurship and startup management studies experts, who were identified through purposive non-probabilistic sampling method. In order to analyze the collected data from the sample, Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method (MCDM) applying Network Analysis Process method (ANP) were used in order to prioritize the identified components. It was used to influence the success of active startups in entrepreneurial ecosystems. According to the results, it was found that the components of "role of the ruling government", "human capital", "financing", "educational institutions", "entrepreneurial culture" and "sales and marketing" are among the most important Impacting the success of startups active in entrepreneurial ecosystems, respectively.