Investigating the effect of dual power leadership on organizational voice with the mediating role of psychological empowerment of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of management, kazeroon Branch, Islamic Azad University, kazeroon, Iran

Abstract

The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of ambidextrous leadership on organizational voice with the mediating role of psychological empowerment in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. In terms of its nature and goals, this research is of applied type and correlation method has been used for its implementation. The statistical population of this research includes all employees of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, numbering 782. To determine the sample size using Cochran's formula, 257 people were estimated as the sample size and were selected using simple random sampling method. To collect data, three ambidextrous leadership questionnaires by Ahsan (2019), Van Dine and his colleagues' voice questionnaire (2003) and Spritzer's psychological empowerment questionnaire (1992) were used. The validity of the questionnaires was confirmed by the experts and professors of the management group, and the reliability coefficient of the questionnaires was estimated at 0.867, cognitive empowerment, and 0.804 organizational voice. Research hypotheses were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson correlation test and regression analysis. The findings of the research indicate that dual-ability leadership has an impact on the organizational voice with the mediating role of psychological empowerment of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Aghajani, H., Samadi, H., & Samadi, H. (2013). The relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and psychological empowerment of employees. Public Administration, 5(2), 18-1. (in Persian).
Ahmadi, P., & Fayaz Ghaziani, M. (2018). Organizational Ambivalence: Balancing Exploitation and Exploration for Sustainable Performance. Specialized Scientific Quarterly of New Research Approaches in Management and Accounting, 2(5), 48-65. (in Persian).
Ariadna, M., & Jose, P. (2020). Transformational leadership and work engagement: Exploring the mediating role of structural empowerment. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(4), 31- 39.
Bansbardi, A., & Ismaili Thani, M. (2017). Study of the effect of transformational leadership on the productivity of human resources with regard to the mediating role of psychological empowerment of employees (case study: Ministry of Sports and Youth). Organizational Behavior Management Studies in Sports, 5(4), 31-44. (in Persian).
Bilal, A., Asad, Syed., & Anees, W. (2019). The mediating role of transformational leadership in the relationship between cultural intelligence and employee voice behavior: A case of hotel employees. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 69(3), 66-7.
Chan, S. (2013). Paternalistic leadership and employee voice: does knowledge sharing matter?    Human relations, 1(1), 1-27.
Chan, S. (2017). Benevolent leadership, perceived supervisory support, and subordinates’ performance: The moderating role of psychological empowerment. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 38(7), 897-911.
Dee, J., Henkin, A., & Duemer, L. (2003). Structural antecedents and psychological correlates of teacher empowerment. Journal of Educational Administration, 41(3),. 257-277.
Dostar, M., & Ismailzadeh, M. (2012). Organizational justice and its impact on the voice and performance of employees. Management Studies Quarterly (Improvement and Transformation), 23(72), 56-76. (in Persian).
Hassanzadeh, M., & Bagherzadeh, R. (2017). The effect of social capital on the psychological empowerment of employees: examining the mediating role of mental well-being. Social Capital Management, 5(1), 111-134. (in Persian).
Izadi Gildehi, R. (2021). The mediating role of entrepreneurial orientation in the effect of two-way leadership on company performance. The 6th International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Management, Accounting and Economics in Iran, Tehran. (in Persian).
Jalal, H. (2016). Examining the Effects of Employee Empowerment, Teamwork, and Employee Training on Organizational Commitment Social and Behavioral Science, 22(3), 298–306.
Junni, P., Sarala, R., Taras, V., & Tarba, S. (2013). Organizational ambidexterity and performance: A meta-analysis. The Academy of Management Perspectives.
Karthik, N., Priyanko, G., & Puiwa, L. (2014). The influence of leader empowering behaviors and employee psychological empowerment on customer satisfaction. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 42(4), 444-546.
Kitapçi, H., & Çelik, V. (2014).  The Relationship between Ambidexterity, Organizational Learning Capacity and Firm Quality Performance:  An Empirical Study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 109(2), 827-836.
Liu, W., Zhu, R., & Yang, Y. (2010). I warn you   because   I   like   you:   Voice   behavior, employee identifications, and transformational leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, (21), 189-202.
Mahmoudabadi, A., & Montazeri, M. (2022). Investigating the impact of organizational justice on the voice of employees with the mediating role of organizational trust: a case study of the social security organization of Kerman province. The fourth international conference on knowledge and technology of the third millennium of Iran's economy, management and accounting. Tehran. (in Persian).
Mahmoudi-kia, M., Arshadhi, N., Ahmadi, S., Baharlo, M. (2014). The relationship between ethical leadership and psychological empowerment with the mediation of procedural justice and interactional justice. Organizational Culture Management, 13(1), 267-287. (in Persian).
Mercedes, U., Enrique, C., Artolom, M., & Patrocinio, Z. (2017). High performance work system and performance: Opening the black box through the organizational ambidexterity and human resource flexibility. Journal of Business Research ,4(6), 19-52.
Mukwakungu, S., Mankazana, S., Mbohwa, C. (2018). The Impact of Employee Empowerment on Organizational Performance in a Flavours and Fragrance Manufacturing Company in South Africa.
Parsa, S. (2018). The relationship between ambivalent leadership and organizational citizenship behavior in Ardabil Governorate. Master's Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Garmi Branch. (in Persian).
Pourhosseini Mohammadabadi, L. (2012). The relationship between managers' communication skills and psychological empowerment and the job performance of girls' high school teachers in Yazd city in the academic year 2011-2019. Master's thesis, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Yazd University. (in Persian).
Prieto, I., & Santana, M. (2012). Building ambidexterity: The role of human resource practices in the performance of firms from Spain. Human Resource Management, 51(2), 189-211.
Tehrani, M., Alipour, F., & Shafiei, L. (2019). Investigation of the effect of ambidextrous leadership on employee silence with the mediating role of psychological empowerment and social capital. Transformation Management Research Journal, 12(2), 23-65. (in Persian).
Zarei, A. (2015). investigation of the relationship between empowerment and self-efficacy with job performance in the education and training staff of Marvdasht and Drozen, industrial and organizational. Master's thesis. (in Persian).