Case study of the effect of different types of leadership on organizational performance in organizations under the Ministry of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare in Guilan province

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Iran

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of different leadership styles on employee performance in governmental organizations of the target community. To achieve the objectives of the research, charismatic, transformational, interactive and insightful leadership styles are identified as dimensions of leadership style and four hypotheses were defined to test the impact of these dimensions on the performance of the Ministry of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare. The survey was carried out in Rasht city the capital of Guilan province. To collect data, a standard questionnaire containing 15 questions were used. The statistical sample was taken from 207 employees of the General Departments of Labor Cooperation and Social Welfare, Technical and Vocational Education, Welfare, State Pension Fund, Omid Entrepreneurship Fund, Social Security and health Insurance. The results of multiple regression test showed that each of the leadership styles had a significant impact on organizational performance. Among these, insightful leadership was identified as the most effective leadership style.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Afacan, Mine.,Yozgat, U─čur (2012). A qualitative analysis of charismatic leadership in creative teams: the case of Turkish TV series directors, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 41, p 228.
Anderson, E. W., Fornell, C., & Lehman, D. R (1995). Customer satisfaction, market share, and profitability: findings from Sweden. Journal of Marketing, 58, 53-66.
Bhat, Aruna.,Verma, Neha,. Rangnekar S, Baru., M.K (2012). Leadership style and team processes as predictors of organizational learning, Team Performance Management, Vol.18, No.7/8, p. 354.
Balser, Deborah, John McClusky (2005). Managing Stakeholder Relationships and Nonprofit Organization effectiveness, Nonprofit management & leadership, Vol. 15, No. 3, Spring. p295.
Bruce, A., Tucker, R., Russel, F (2004). Transformational and Transactional Leadership: Association with Attitudes toward Evidence Practice Leadership p: Association Whit Attitude Toward Evidence-Based Practice, Journal of leadership & Organizational Studies. Flint: Spring, 10:103-112.
Berson, Y., Shamir, B., Avolio, B. J., & Popper, M (2001). The relationship between vision strength, leadership style, and context. The Leadership Quarterly, 12, 53−73.
Baum, J. R., Kirkpatrick, S. A., & Locke, E. A (1998). A longitudinal study of the relation of vision and vision communication to venture growth in entrepreneurial firms. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 43−54.
Cinar, Fadime.,Kaban, Aysa (2012). Conflict Management and Visionary Leadership: An Application in Hospital Organizations, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 58, p198.
Dionne, Shelley D., Chun, Jae Uk, Chanyu, Hao.,Serban, Andra., Yammarino, Francis J., Spangler, William D (2012). Article quality and publication impact via levels of analysis incorporation: An illustration with transformational/charismatic leadership, The Leadership Quarterly, 23, p1014.
Duckett, H, and Macfarlane, E (2003). Emotional Intelligence and Transformational Leadership in Retailing, Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 24, 309-317.
Elenkov DS (2002). Effects of leadership on organizational performance in Russian companies. J. Bus. Res., 55(6): 467-480.
Jaramilo F, Mulki JP, Marshall GW (2005). A Meta-analysis of the relationship between organizational commitment and salesperson job performance: 25 years of research. J. Bus. Res., 58(6), 705-725.
Kirkpatrick, S. A., & Locke, E. A (1996). Direct and indirect effects of three core charismatic leadership components on performance and attitudes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 36−51.
Morgan, Martin.,Rowlinson, Steve., Fellows, Richard., Liu, Anita M.M (2012). Empowering the project team: impact of leadership style and team context, Team Performance Management, Vol. 18, No. 3/4, 149-175.
McGrath, G. R and MacMillan, I. C (2000). Entrepreneurial Mindset: Strategies for Continuously Creating Opportunity in an Age of Uncertainty. Harvard Business School Press Books.
Nusair, Naim., Ababneh, Raed., Bae, Yun Kyung (2012). The impact of transformational leadership style on innovation as perceived by public employees in Jordan, International Journal of Commerce and Management, Vol. 22, No. 3, 182-201.
Özahin, Mehtap.,Zehir, Cemal., Acar, A.Zafer (2011). Linking leadership style to firm performance: the mediating effect of the learning orientation, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 24, p1550.
San Lam, Cheok., O’Higgins, Eleanor (2012). Enhancing employee outcomes, Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 33, No. 2, 149-174.
Stam, Daan., van Knippenberg, Daan., Wisse, Barbara (2010). Focusing on followers: The role of regulatory focus and possible selves in visionary leadership, The Leadership Quarterly, 21, 457– 468.
Shamir, B., House, R. J., & Arthur, M. B (1993). The motivational effects of charismatic leadership: A self-concept based theory. Organizational Science, 4, 577−594.
Timothy C,Obiwuru., Andy, Okwu., Victoria, Akpa., Idowu, Nwankwere (2011). Effects of leadership style on organizational performance: a survey of selected small scale enterprises in ikosi-ketu council development area of lagos state, Nigeria. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, Vol.1, No.7, 100-111.
Wang, Fu-Jin., Jen, Shieh Chich., Ling, Tang Mei (2010). Effect of leadership style on organizational performance as viewed from human resource management strategy, African Journal of Business Management, Vol. 4(18), 3924-3936.
Wilderom, Celeste P.M., Van den Berg, Peter T., Wiersma, Uco J (2012). A longitudinal study of the effects of charismatic leadership and organizational culture on objective and perceived corporate performance, The Leadership Quarterly, 23, 835–848.
Wofford, J. C (2002). A Field Study of a Cognitive Approach to Understanding, Transformational and Transactional Leadership. Leadership Quarterly. 9: 55-85.
Zehir,Cemal., GülenErtosun, Öznur., Zehir,Songül., Büsra, Müceldili (2011). The Effects of Leadership Styles and Organizational Culture over Firm Performance: Multi-National Companies in Istanbul, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 24, p1461.