Document Type : Original Article
Roudhen Islamic Azad Uni, Iran
Adiban University, Semnan, Iran
Exchange rate fluctuations can theoretically and practically affect business decisions and performance; Therefore, efforts have been made to cover the number of risks due to exchange rate changes by using different methods of risk management. In this regard, the use of exchange forward contracts can reduce the risk of these companies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the barriers to starting a forward currency exchange. The research method was qualitative-quantitative. The statistical population of the study are capital market experts. Obstacles were identified using the opinions of 10 experts. Then, using a questionnaire and collecting the opinions of experts and capital market activists, the identified barriers were validated. The software used was maxqda in quality and smartpls in quantity. The results showed that social awareness, capital market, central bank, stability and improvement of market conditions, monetary and fiscal policies, transparency, executive factors, risk control, economic barriers, political barriers and the role of government are effective barriers to the implementation of forward exchange. The ranking of qualitative variables is orderly, first the role of government, second the monetary and fiscal policies and third the central bank. The effect of the studied variables was also significant.