Document Type : Review Article
Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Iran
System thinking is a holistic approach that has been considered by many thinkers in the field of organization and management in recent decades. This thinking helps managers look at an organization as a whole and manage its components in relation to each other. In addition to this thinking, another important issue is the wisdom in organizations. Wisdom, which is a changeable dynamic, is an important factor in creating and increasing competitive advantage in organizations. Therefore, its advancement, management and strengthen are very important for organizations. However, by reviewing, evaluating and measuring the wisdom of each department in the organization at a specific time, it is not possible to properly review, manage and strengthen the wisdom of the entire organization, because it ignores the synergy and even eliminates it, so that not it only does not help to create a competitive advantage, but also may cause many problems such as data loss, and lack of proper use of people's knowledge and information at the right time for the organization. Therefore, in this article, system thinking, organizational wisdom and then the role of system thinking in the creation and management of wise organizations and why system thinking or holistic thinking is needed to strengthen wisdom in the whole organization? are examined.